Metabolic Syndrome is a group of conditions including high blood pressure, excess blood sugar, excess fat in the abdominal area, high cholesterol and high triglyceride levels. Several studies have shown a link between periodontal disease and Metabolic Syndrome due to the common inflammatory disease pathway of both these conditions. The presence of Metabolic Syndrome may double your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
What is the link between Metabolic Syndrome and periodontal disease? Inflammation is the key biologic factor that leads to the conditions causing Metabolic Syndrome. There is a correlation between periodontal disease and inflammation that contributes to this disorder. In addition to the local destruction of gum and bone in the mouth, the diseased gum tissue allows inflammatory factors and normal oral bacteria to enter the bloodstream.
What can be done about Metabolic Syndrome? A team approach by your dentist is necessary to manage and reduce the severity of Metabolic Syndrome. Periodontal therapy has been shown to reduce the inflammation associated with this disorder. Life-style changes (healthy diet and exercise) are important to reduce risk factors.