How Dental Implants Are Done - Types of Dental Implants
When a tooth and its root are severely damaged due to decay or trauma, a dental implant can be used as a permanent way to enhance the stability of your mouth for a number of cosmetic restorations. Dental implants are usually made of titanium because titanium is readily accepted by the body, and also happens to be a very durable material.
When you lose your natural teeth, the jawbone tends to weaken progressively, reducing your ability to chew, and changing the form of your face and smile. So, dental implants help to correct this too.
How are dental implants placed?
Dental implant placement is usually performed in the dentist’s office, though the nature of each surgical procedure is unique depending on the clinical situation and preferences of the patient and oral surgeon.
There are generally three types of implants:
An endosteal implant - it is the most common, and derives its name from the thin film of connective tissue lining the bone’s marrow cavity
Sub-periostal or eposteal implant - it derives its name from the thin layer covering the surface of the bone (periosteum).
Transosteal implant - involves the placement of a U-shaped pin or metal frame along the bottom of the jawbone, which is then extended upwards through the bone and upper gum line.
The ability to place an endosteal implant largely depends on the health of the patient, as well as the amount of healthy bone they have remaining in the jaw. If both are in great condition, then an endosteal is preferred. Otherwise, an eposteal implant may be recommended. The final option is rarely used in today’s dentistry because it requires entry of the metal frame to jawbone via the skin along the bottom of the patient’s face.
How Surgical Placements are Performed
An endosteal implant can be placed in one-stage, two-stages, or three-stages, depending on a number of aesthetic and health-related concerns.
- One-stage: this method utilizes a non-submerged single-piece implant with a metal collar designed to protrude through the gum as the bone heals to the implant. After sufficient healing time (3-6 months), an abutment is connected to the implant, after which the crown can be fabricated to replace the missing tooth.
- Two-stage: the process is the same as that of a single-stage procedure. But before the abutment is fitted, the dentist will conduct a second surgery, cutting through the gum over the healing cap to examine the stability and proper integration of the implant with the bone.
- Three-stage: when the implants are completely healed, the patient may opt for a final restorative procedure, like connecting prosthetic teeth.
Contact Us for More Information on Surgical Placement
Our team, which includes highly skilled oral surgeons, is dedicated to providing exceptional dental solutions. For more information on surgical placement of implants, kindly call our office at 512-872-3658.